The significance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in disaster risk management: Providing swift real time solutions in tough times

5 September 2023 | Expedien

Disasters range from natural calamities like wildfires and hurricanes to pandemics and acts of terrorism. The repercussions of a disaster can be catastrophic which impact both: The affected individuals and the economy.

Particularly Machine Learning (ML) & Artificial Intelligence (AI) play a pivotal role in disaster risk management and reduction. It encompasses forecasting extreme events, devising strategies for risk mitigation and offering real-time situational awareness accompanied by support mechanism.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Disaster Risk Management: AI employs algorithms to learn from data and ML is a subset of AI that enables computer systems to improve from experience without explicit programming. The significance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in disaster risk management: Providing swift real time solutions in tough times

AI and ML can perform various tasks which include: Automated Damage Assessment: One of the initial steps in disaster response is damage assessment. AI and ML can expedite this process by automating the assessment of damage. For instance, computer vision algorithms can analyse images and videos to identify damaged structures which can then be used to create comprehensive maps of affected areas. AI can process vast datasets from various sources such as social media and satellite imagery to provide a holistic view of disaster-induced damage.

Predictive Analytics for Evacuation: AI can predict when and where evacuations may be necessary via predictive analytics. Data is analysed from seismic sensors, weather sources and satellite imagery. Experts can develop models that forecast disaster progression. This information helps authorities to prepare for a forecasted disaster which includes determining whether an evacuation is warranted or when it is necessary to be done.

Routing of Emergency Resources: AI can expedite critical response tasks which can potentially save lives and minimize damage. Relevant authorities can be arranged for emergency services more efficiently. Intelligent search algorithms can identify optimal evacuation routes which can ensure efficient deployment of resources. AI can predict the path of natural disasters which can enable proactive measures.

Prevention: AI's role in disaster management extends beyond response and recovery. Prevention is a very critical aspect of AI’s role in disaster risk management. The risk factors are identified by analysing historical data which studies the patterns related to a specific disaster.

In conclusion : AI and machine learning have transformational potential in disaster risk management. These technologies enhance disaster response through automated damage assessment, predictive analytics for evacuations and efficient resource allocation. AI aids in identifying risk factors and preventing disasters.

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